Rock magnetic and AMS fabrics characterization of suevitic breccias from the Cretaceous-Paleogene Chicxulub impact crater

  • Margarita Delgadillo-Peralta
  • Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi
  • Ligia Pérez-Cruz
  • Miriam Velasco-Villareal
Keywords: anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, suevite, ejecta emplacement, Yaxcopoil-1 borehole, Chicxulub crater


Results of a paleomagnetic and magnetic fabrics study of the basal suevitic breccias in the Chicxulub impact crater, Yucatán platform, Gulf of Mexico are presented. The breccias were cored in the Yaxcopoil-1 borehole, which is located at about 62 km radial distance from the crater center. The impactite sequence in the Yaxcopoil-1 borehole is ~100 m thick and formed by six subunits with distinct petrographic and geochemical characteristics. Here we investigate the basal subunit interpreted as: a ground surge in the transient cavity, a melt breccia with clastic material, or an excavation flow from the ejecta curtain interacting with the ejecta plume collapse. Characterization of the magnetic fabrics using rock magnetics and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) are used to investigate on the emplacement mechanism of the suevites. Magnetic hysteresis and k-T curves show that the magnetic mineralogy is dominated by low-Ti titanomagnetites and magnetite. The AMS fabrics record mixtures of oblate and prolate ellipsoids and principal susceptibility axial distributions with relatively high angular scatter, related to turbulent high temperature conditions during ejecta emplacement. Magnetic fabric parameters and principal susceptibility axial distributions correlate with modal composition, relative contents and orientation of melt particles. Results are interpreted in terms of an emplacement mode as an early excavation flow that incorporated ground surge components.
SPECIAL SECTION, The Cretaceous-Paleogene transition